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收录时间:2018-10-20 13:52

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无人驾驶飞机很省钱可是你敢测验吗

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  aking pilots out of the cockpit could save airlines billions.But would anyone buy a ticket?
 
  选用无人驾驭的客机可认为航空公司节约数十亿的开支,但会有人挑选乘坐这样的飞机吗?
 
  The aviation industry could save$35 billion a year by moving to pilotless planes,according to a new report from UBS.Just one problem:The same report warns that only 17%of travelers are willing to fly without a pilot.
 
  瑞士联合银行(UBS)的一项陈述称,飞机制造业转向出产无人驾驭客机每年能够削减350亿美元的开销。可是这项陈述也指出,只要百分之17的旅客情愿乘坐无人驾驭的客机。
 
  UBS said that the technology required to operate remote-controlled planes could appear by 2025.Further advances beyond 2030 might result in automated business jets and helicopters,and finally commercial aircraft without pilots.
 
  UBS称这种可长途操控飞机的技能将会在2025年呈现。到2030年将会进一步有先进的技能呈现在自动化商用飞机和直升机上。而终究商用客机也会踏入无飞翔员年代。
 
  The technologies in development today will enable the aircraft to assist and back up the pilot in all the flight phases,removing the pilot from manual control and systems operations in all types of situations,the report said.
 
  陈述中说道:现在开展的技能将会使飞机在每一个飞翔阶段帮忙并支撑飞翔员的作业,飞翔员无需在任何情况下进行手动操控或体系操作。
 
  Commercial flights already land with the assistance of on-board computers,and pilots manually fly the aircraft for only a few minutes on average.
 
  现在商业航班现已装备了辅佐设备机载计算机,需求飞翔员手动操控的时刻均匀下来只要几分钟。
 
  However,contrary to popular belief,airliners do not fly themselves,even when they’re on autopilot.Pilots are continually monitoring and adjusting aircraft navigation and systems,communicating with air traffic control and preparing for the next phase of the flight.
 
  但是,与遍及观念恰恰相反的是,飞机并不是彻底自主飞翔,即便是在自动驾驭状态下。飞翔员会继续监督并调整飞机飞翔和体系,一起还要与空管坚持联络以预备下一飞翔阶段。
 
  The UBS analysts said the transition to pilotless planes is likely to happen over many years.Cargo planes would likely be first to incorporate the new technology,with commercial flights being the last to go pilotless.The number of pilots needed for each flight could be reduced along the way.
 
  UBS的剖析指出,飞机由有人驾驭转向无人驾驭要阅历很多年。货运飞机有或许会首要测验新技能,而商用客机则会是最终一个。而在这期间,每架飞机所需飞翔员的数量会逐步削减。
 
  The shift has the potential to save the aviation industry huge amounts of money.Airlines typically employ 10 pilots per aircraft,and reducing their number would result in less spending on training,salaries and other staffing costs.It could also help alleviate an expected pilot shortage over the coming decades.
 
  这一改变还有很大的潜力为飞机制造业节约很多的开销。航空公司一般会为每架飞机装备10名飞翔员,假如削减这一数量将意味着更少的练习经费,薪酬以及其他的人工费用。一起关于未来几十年内或许呈现的飞翔员缺少现象具有平缓效果。
 
  An annual forecast released by Boeing last month said passenger and cargo airlines around the world are expected to buy 41,000 new airliners between 2017 and 2036.That means they will need to find and train 637,000 new pilots to fly them.
 
  波音公司在上个月发布的年度猜测中说到:全球客运和货运航空公司将会在2017年至2036年间购入41000架新飞机,这就意味着他们需求练习出637000名飞翔员来驾驭这些飞机。
 
  Airlines in the Middle East and China,where air traffic is growing fast,are offering huge paychecks to attract more pilots and salaries in the U.S.are rising too.
 
  在航空运输高速开展的中东地区以及我国,航空公司提出高额薪水来招引更多的飞翔员。在美国,飞翔员的薪酬也提高了。
 
  A move to pilotless planes would boost industry profitability,UBS said.Alternatively,if the cost savings were entirely passed to consumers,tickets could cost much less(11%cheaper in the U.S.).That would be about$40 a ticket,according to the$369 round trip average in the first half of 2016,which included$23 in fees.
 
  UBS称,飞机转型为无人驾驭将会推进工业收益。假如这笔开支悉数节约在顾客一方,那么机票价格也会大大下降(北美可下降百分之11)。这样一来,依据2016年上半年的均匀往复机票价格369美元,机票价格大约会降价40美元。
 
  Still,there is likely to be major resistance to taking pilots out of the cockpit.
 
  但仍然有大部分人对立无人驾驭飞机。
 
  A survey of 8,000 people commissioned by UBS found that 54%of respondents were unlikely to take a pilotless flight.Just 17%of respondents,who were from the U.S.,U.K.,France,Germany and Australia,said they would buy the ticket.
 
  一项由UBS委办的针对8000人的查询显现,百分之54的查询目标不情愿乘坐无人驾驭的飞机。只要百分之17的人的答复是情愿。这部分人来自美国,英国,法国,德国以及澳大利亚。
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